White Star Line's RMS Tayleur
As Titanic did, the RMS Tayleur sank on her maiden voyage. (58 years earlier)
The RMS Tayleur (one of the White Star Line's first vessels) was a fully rigged iron hull clipper of the White Star Line. She was 240 feet long with a 40 foot beam and was a fast ship. Tayleur had 3 decks and could carry 4,000 lbs of cargo and a compliment of 650 passengers and crew. She was also considered technologically advanced for her day. She ran aground and sank on her maiden voyage in 1854. Of more than 650 aboard, only 280 survived. (370 killed)
Tayleur departed Liverpool on January 19, 1854, on her maiden voyage for Melbourne Australia. She was carrying a total complement of 652 passengers and crew. Her compasses weren't calibrated correctly and were giving false readings because of the iron hull. Her captain thought that they were sailing south through the Irish Sea, but they were actually going west toward the Irish coastline. On January 21, 1854, (day 2 of her journey) Tayleur got caught in fog and found herself bearing down on Lambay Island. Despite dropping her sails and both anchors as soon as land was spotted, she ran aground on the rocks on the east side of the island, about five miles from Dublin Bay.
She was unable to lower her life boats being so close to the rocks so the crew collapsed a mast onto the shore making a make-shift bridge for people to reach the beach. Many were unable to do this and ultimately drowned. (370 passengers and crew) As the storm and high seas increased, the ship washed off the rocks and sank. The captain was found to be at fault.
Artifacts found by divers at the RMS Tayleur wreck site
The site of Tayleur's wreck at Lambay Island.
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